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Information security is one of the most promising areas in IT. If you want to study this field, you should first understand the main specializations available to professionals. Cybersecurity professionals protect companies from data breaches and other threats. The need for experts is growing at a dizzying rate, but you’ll have to pick a specialization. We’ve highlighted the top 10:

1. Cybersecurity software developer
Specialists of this kind can build specialized software or security-related solutions within other software. They may develop a company-wide software security strategy, participate in every stage of the life cycle of building and operating software systems, support software deployment for customers, test software for vulnerabilities, etc.

2. Information security architect
If you like dealing with global problems and developing complex solutions, this is the right path for you. The job of a security architect is to design, build, and implement information security systems for businesses. The architect is responsible for complex systems for antivirus protection, hacking protection, protection against distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks, etc.

3. Security Consultant
Security consultants are generalists who assess threats and risks and provide possible solutions to problems. They meet with clients to recommend the most effective ways to protect data. This profession does not require as much in-depth knowledge as others, but the breadth of the industry is unmatched by any other specialty.

4. Information security analyst
Information security analysts are the first line of defense for the IT infrastructure. They continuously monitor systems for strange activity and analyze events to determine if information security incidents have occurred.

5. Ethical hacker
Ethical (white) hackers get permission from their employers to attempt to penetrate information systems. They use the same methods as hostile hackers to evaluate security measures, but without the dangerous consequences of data leakage/damage or major disruption of information systems. If successful, improvements will be created and implemented based on the recommendations of the white hackers.

6. Computer forensics
Cybercrime is an ever-increasing problem and therefore has to be investigated. Computer forensic investigators determine how the incident occurred, who was at fault, what data and systems were compromised, etc. When necessary, they work with law enforcement and handle a wide range of tasks, including recovering lost files, interpreting data, and analyzing system log entries.

7. Director of information security
Directors are responsible for planning, organizing, and managing all of the company’s computer, network, and data security requirements. They work closely with various levels of management to determine the organization’s unique cybersecurity requirements. They often also handle staffing issues, which requires a solid background in IT security architecture and strategy, as well as excellent communication skills and other soft skills.

8. Pentester
Penetration testing is the approved use of hacking techniques to proactively detect information security vulnerabilities. Before an attacker can do any real damage, the pentester will find problems with services and applications, misconfigurations, and more. It takes a high degree of skill to “hack” observable systems.

9. Security systems administrator
Installing, administering, maintaining and debugging computers, network equipment and cybersecurity-related solutions are the responsibilities of a security systems administrator. These professionals handle system monitoring and data backup, creating, deleting and maintaining user accounts, setting up access policies, etc.

10. Bug hunter
Bug hunters are people who are well-versed in the intricacies of cybersecurity and know how to identify bugs and vulnerabilities in software and hardware. There are a number of incentive schemes available that allow them to be compensated for detecting vulnerabilities. Bug reward schemes allow problems to be identified and fixed before the general public learns about them, reducing the likelihood of mass abuse.

If you have dreamed of linking your life to such an interesting profession, we recommend that you pay attention to studying at Simon Kuznets Kharkiv National University of Economics, Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs and the National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”.


BC “INGEK” will help you with paperwork, choosing a specialty, and will also provide prompt communication with the educational institution.

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